Sismondo's Classics.

A Wealth of Historico-philatelic Information for Collectors
Compiled by Liane and Sergio Sismondo.

Notes on the postmarks and postal history of Aden in the classic period 1840-1900.

A Checklist of Postmarks and Postage Stamps used at Aden during the 19th Century.

 
Table of Contents.

I

Forerunners of the pre-adhesive period, 1839-1854.

II

Postmarks of the 1854-1862 period.

III

The Classic Stamps of India (1854) used in Aden.

IV

Census of Known Covers of the 1854 Issue of India Used in Aden.

V

Multiples Known of the 1854 Issue of India Used in Aden.

VI

Other 19th Century Stamps of India used in Aden.

VII

Stamps of Ceylon used in Aden.

VIII

Stamps of Great Britain Cancelled used in Aden.

IX

Stamps of Mauritius Cancelled used in Aden.

X

Postmarks of the 1866-1876 period.

XI

Selected Postal Rates for Aden during the 19th Century.

XII

Average Volume of Mail Received and Despatched from Aden, 1871-1876.

XIII

Postmarks of the 1876-1889 period.

XIV

Postmarks of the 1890-1900 period.

XV

Other post offices opened between 1891 and 1937.

 
Introductory Notes.

Since the first issue of postage stamps for Aden was released in 1937, it follows that the classical period of Aden philately deals with postmarks. To those accustomed to collecting stamps, collecting postmarks may represent a radical departure from their routine. Collecting postmarks, however, is a close sister activity to collecting stamps, guided by many of the same principles and largely by the same body of knowledge: the history of a country and the history of communications and related technologies.

In 1799 a British Naval contingent landed and occupied the island of Perim, which had been evacuated by French troops shortly before. Later that year the same Naval forces landed at Aden in the mainland, only to leave the area soon thereafter. In January of 1837 an Indian merchat ship with British flag was plundered by local inhabitants, and its crew was captured and mistreated. A Naval force was soon dispatched under the command of Captain Haines to seek redress. During January of 1839, after a brief period of hostilities between the local Sheiks and the Indo-British military forces, Aden was incorporated into the British Empire. The enclave was at first entirely military. It was a defended harbour in the southwestern corner of the Arabian Peninsula, facing the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, and thus commanding a brilliant strategic position. Aden rapidly came to be seen as an essential geographical and political entity in the British Empire.

The enclave was administered as a dependency of The East India Company, headquartered in Bombay, and later of the Government of British India. Only with the independence of India looming over the horizon was Aden split administratively from India, acquiring the status of a Crown Colony on April 1st, 1937.

A Postal Service came into effect almost immediately upon arrival of the English in 1839. An interim postmaster was appointed as early as June of 1839 to supervise activities on the ground which were to replace or supplement the ongoing postal activities of the Navy. A more permanent appointment was made to take effect on January 1st of 1840. Postmark devices were made and came into normal use during this period. The first post office was located at Crater, later known also as Aden Camp or Aden Cantonment. A second post office was opened in January of 1858 at Steamer Point, which was the commercial harbour area. Later, the importance of the Steamer Point office became greater than that of the Crater Post Office, and the roles between the two were switched. The office at Steamer Point became the General Post Office, and the earlier one at Crater became known as Aden Camp or Aden Cantonment.

Letters are known sent from Aden with earlier dates. One example is a letter sent to England in 1810 by a member of a British Expedition intended as a reply to Napoleon's intervention in Egypt. Since items of early mail bear no postmarks related to the postal activities at Aden, such letters fall beyond the scope of this handbook.

Much mail would have arrived to Aden for trans-shipment to all locations of the world bearing appropriate postage but uncancelled. This would naturally arise as people would deliver mail directly to the ships in the hope of making a faster connection to the final destination. Captains and pursers would routinely add such letters to the mail bags to be delivered and sorted at Aden. Upon arrival to the Aden Post Offices, such uncancelled mail would receive the ordinary postmarks in use. This explains why a bewildering assortment of postage stamps of several countries are found with the "124" cancellers and other postmarks of Aden.

 
A Checklist of Postmarks used at Aden during the 19th Century.

A few and very tentative values are given for such items, in most cases based on a single transaction, either because only one example is known, or because only one example has traded publicly in the last many years. Further information on prices realized is welcome.

I. Forerunners of the pre-adhesive period, 1839-1854.
During this period the main post office was situated at Crater and used the following six handstamps, which may be considered to be the "true classics" of Aden post office.

S-PM1 "ADEN / Bearing" (Black) Framed, three lines in rectangle.
(E.K.D. 30.4.40; L.K.D.19.12.1865) (1)
$2,500.00
S-PM2 "ADEN / B.P.P. / Paid." (Red) in circle.
(E.K.D. 16.8.46; L.K.D.12.9.1855) (1) (2)
$12,500.00
S-PM2a "ADEN / B.P.P. / Paid." (Blue) in circle.
(E.K.D. 6.1.1854) (5)
---
S-PM3 "ADEN / Paid" (Red) Framed, three lines in rectangle.
(E.K.D. 11.1.43; L.K.D.1.6.1854) (1)
---
S-PM4 "INDIA PAID" (Red) Framed, three lines in rectangle. (3)(4)
(E.K.D. 27.5.46; L.K.D.19.12.1865) (1)
$6,000.00
S-PM5 "ADEN. /(date)/ Paid." (Red) Framed, three lines in rectangle.
(E.K.D. 27.5.46; L.K.D.19.12.1865) (1)
$7,500.00
S-PM5 "ADEN / SHIPLETTER / Paid" (Red) in three lines, in rectangle.
"Aden" 6mm high, frame 37 x 29 mm
(E.K.D. 28.3.47; L.K.D.18.8.1867)
---
S-PM5-V1 "ADEN / SHIPLETTER / Paid" (Red) in three lines, in rectangle.
"Aden" 5 mm high, frame 33 x 31 mm
---
S-PM6 "ADEN / B.P.P. / Bearing" (Black) in circle.
(E.K.D. 11.21852; L.K.D.5.2.1864) (1)
$6,000.00

Notes:
(1) Earliest known dates and latest known dates, in most cases, are as cited by Edward B. Proud's Postal History of Aden.
(2) Two examples known. One example was in the J. L. R. Croft collection. Another examples was in the Murray Graham Collection, struck on a cover with two 4 annas 1854 stamps of India, second printing, cut to shape.
(3) PM4 was a postmark of standard issue in the Bombay Post Office Administrative Area (Bombay Circle), and may be essentially identical to postmarks applied at other offices. It may be identified as having been applied at Aden Camp or Aden General Post Office by other markings on the covers on which it is found.
(4) A comprehensive list of postmarks used in Aden may be found in Edward B. Proud's Postal History of Aden.
(5) In the Murray Graham collection was one cover with this marking struck in blue, franked with pair of India 4 annas black on blue paper (stamp S-13), cancelled with "124" in rhombus.

The letters "B.P.P." stand for "British Packet Postage". The mail was carried by either the Packet Service of the Indian Navy or by the "Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company" ("P.& O.") which obtained contracts to deliver the mail in and out of Aden in 1840, thus supplementing the services of the Navy. The P.& O. carried mails to and from Great Britain and the Continent in the West, and from India, China and Australia in the East. Theirs was a fairly comprehensive service with ships coming in and departing every week from the East and West.

Other companies were added to the postal services of Aden in the following decades. Services to the Far East and to the islands of Mauritius, Reunion and Seychelles were carried by "Messageries Maritimes", a French Paquet company. Services to Zanzibar and Southern Africa were carried by "The British India Steam Navigation Company". The Italian Company " Rubattino" carried mails on a monthly basis to Genova. The "Austrian Lloyd's" carried mail to Trieste.

II. Postmarks of the 1854-1862 period.

S-PM7* Rhombus of dots (10 x 10) Dimensions are about 17 mm on each side.
(E.K.D. 17.3.55; L.K.D.31.8.1855
S-PM8 "ADEN / 1855JAN13 / Paid." In rectangle, in three lines, struck in red.
(E.K.D. 28.8.1855; L.K.D.10.10.1855)

The Bombay Postal Administration allocated the numeral "124" to the Post Office of Aden. A variety of postal markings with this numeral were generated up to the year 1875, when a new allocation was made affecting all the post offices under the jurisdiction of Bombay.



S-PM9 "124" in a rhombus of parallel lines. Illustrated in S.G.
(E.K.D. 1.9.1855; L.K.D.28.10.1869)

Postmark S-PM9 is very similar to that used at the Aden General post Office from 1858 onwards, and another used at Aden Steamer Point during the same period (refer to S-PM15).



S-PM10 "ADEN / JA 13 / 1856" Double split circle, black (See also: S-PM30, S-PM32)
(E.K.D. 10.10.1855; L.K.D.19.5.1870)
S-PM11* REGISTERED LETTER
(E.K.D. 28.12.1857; L.K.D.28.12.1857)

Between 1840 and 1857 the only post office was situated at Crater, later renamed Aden Camp, and again renamed Aden Cantonment. By a directive dated 22 May of 1857, a new postmaster was appointed and a principal post office was built at Aden Steamer Point. This office was opened to the public in January of 1858. The office at Crater remained open and was redefined as a dependent sub-post office. Thus from this point on, canceling devices existed at both Steamer Point and Aden Camp and they differed accordingly. Mail moving between the two post offices of Aden did so by means of camel transportation. Later this internal mail was carried by a daily runner who left the Steamer Point office each morning at 11:00 and returned from Crater each afternoon at 3:00 PM. The fee for this courier service was governed by the Indian inland postage rate schedule.



S-PM12* "INDIAUNPAID" In rectangle.
E.K.D. 8.1.1858; L.K.D. 5.9.1874)
S-PM13 "ADEN.STR/..POINT * 59 JA 13 / PAID" Split circle, struck in red.
(E.K.D. 15.4.1858; L.K.D. 19.8.1860)
S-PM14 "REGD/ No/" Framed in rectangle.
(E.K.D. 15.4.1858; L.K.D. 15.4.1858)
S-PM15 "124" In barred rhombus.
(E.K.D. 15.4.1858; L.K.D. 30.12.1867)
S-PM16 "ADEN.STR/..,POINT * 59 JA 13/ BEARG/.." Split circle.
(E.K.D. 26.5.1858; L.K.D. 2.2.1860)
S-PM17* "TOO LATE" In rectangle.
(E.K.D. 23.6.1858; L.K.D.22.3.1862)
S-PM18* "INDIAUNPAID" In rectangle. Used at Aden Camp.)
(E.K.D. 24.11.1858; L.K.D.24.11.1858)
S-PM19* "INDIAPAID" In rectangle, struck in red.
(E.K.D. 13.6.1859; L.K.D.7.8.1865)
S-PM20 "ADEN - STR/ - POINT / 13 JA / 61." Split circle.
(E.K.D. 11.10.1860; L.K.D. 10.10.1868)
S-PM21 "ADEN / SHIP LETTER / 18 / Paid" In rectangle, in four lines.
(E.K.D. 10.5.1861; L.K.D. 20.9.1866)
S-PM22 "ADEN / 13 JA / 62" Split circle.
(E.K.D. 18.7.1861; L.K.D. 28.8.1869)

III. The Stamps of India (1854) used in Aden

Stamps came into general use in India on October 1, 1854. A delivery was made to the Aden Post Office and went on sale there on October 10 of 1854. This first consignment consisted of 15,552 one half Anna stamps and 1800 one Anna stamps. In December of the same year a shipment of 2 Annas and 4 Annas stamps was delivered. The earliest date known on a cover is 17 March of 1855, franked with two four annas stamps cut to shape, tied by the rhombus of dots (Sismondo PM7). (Another cover dated 2 March of 1855, bearing four annas stamps of the first printing cancelled by S-PM3 is reputed to exist but has not been recently seen.) Almost all other recorded stamps of the 1854 issues of India used in Aden bear the "124" numeral postmark S-PM9 or S-PM15.

A few and very tentative values are given for such items, in most cases based on a single transaction, either because only one example is known, or because only one example has traded publicly in the last many years. Further information on prices realized is welcome.
S-1 One half anna blue, Die I. $250.00
Pair. $600.00
Block of four (1 known) $2,500.00
Strip of four (1 known) (1) ---
S-2 One half anna blue, Die II. ---
S-3 One half anna blue, Die III. (3) $350.00
S-4 One anna red, Die I. $350.00
Pair. $1,250.00
S-5 One anna red, Die II. $350.00
S-6 One anna red, Die III (one example known). (3) ---
S-7 Two annas green. $500.00
Pair (1 known) $1,250.00
S-8 Four annas blue and carmine, 1st printing (1 cover known) (3) ---
S-9 Four annas blue and carmine, 2nd printing. ---
S-10 Four annas blue and carmine, 3rd printing (3 singles known). (3) ---
S-11 Four annas blue and carmine, 4th printing. $275.00
Pair. $650.00
Strip of three (reported but not recently seen). ---
S-12 Four annas blue and carmine, 5th printing (2 singles known). (3) ---
Notes:
(1) Now housed in the Jerome R. Hart collection.
(2) Values for 4 annas stamps and covers with 4 annas stamps are for cut to shape items.
(3) Numbers S-3, S-6, S-8, S-10 and S-12 were not regularly delivered to the Aden Post Office. The fact that a few examples are known (only one of S - 6), indicates that, from time to time travelers brought stamps with them and were permitted to use these stamps at the post office.

IV. Known Covers of the 1854 Issue of India used in Aden.
S-1 One half anna blue, Die I. 14 covers
S-2 One half anna blue, Die II. not known
S-3 One half anna blue, Die III. not known
S-4 One anna red, Die I. 3 covers
S-5 One anna red, Die II. 3 covers
S-6 One anna red, Die III. not known
S-7 Two annas green. not known
S-8 Four annas blue and carmine, 1st printing. 1 cover
S-9 Four annas blue and carmine, 2nd printing. 8 covers, and one large fragment with 8 singles.
S-10 Four annas blue and carmine, 3rd printing. not known
S-11 Four annas blue and carmine, 4th printing. 4 covers
S-12 Four annas blue and carmine, 5th printing. 1 cover (2)

The 15 covers and other items bearing 4 annas stamps include the following rates:
Singles (single rate) 7 covers
Pairs or two singles (double rate) 5 covers
Superb pair from the Second Printing on large fragment 1 fragment (2)
Three singles cut to shape (triple rate) 1 cover (1)
Two pairs (quadruple rate) 1 cover
Eight singles
1 fragment of wrapper

Notes:
(1) Now housed in the Jerome R. Hart collection.
(2) Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.
(3) One example, ex Murray Graham collection, bears also the very rare postmark S-PM2, with a manuscript date 12 September 1855.

V. Multiples Known of the 1854 Issue of India used in Aden

S-1 One half anna blue, Die I. One strip of four. (1).
One block of four.
S-2 One half anna blue, Die II. One block of four. (2)
Pairs (one horizontal and one vertical (Die?)) (1)
S-4 One anna red, Die I. One block of eight on cover. (2)
One anna red, Die I. One block of four.
One anna red, Die I, strip of four on piece. (2)
One pair.
S-5 1 anna red, Die II. A superb sheet corner pair. (2)
S-7 2 annas green. One block of eight. (2)
One pair. (1)
S-9 4 annas red and blue, 2nd Printing. Essentially complete used pair on a large fragment of a cover. (2)
Horizontal pairs cut square.
Horizontal pairs cut to shape.
S-11 Four annas blue and carmine, 4th printing. Pairs.
Horizontal pair, cut square. (2)
Strip of three (reported but not recently seen).
Notes:
(1) Now housed in the Jerome R. Hart collection.
(2) Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.


This checklist and accompanying notes are intended to help the collector identify postmark varieties and rarities which may lay hidden in collections.

If you identify in your collection some of the rare items mentioned in this checklist, we recommend obtaining certificates of authenticity for such items. We will be happy to follow up with further information and advice. You may call Liane Sismondo or Sergio Sismondo at our Syracuse, New York office, telephone 315 422 2331. We will be happy to assist you in any way we can.

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S-14 S.Arch.

VI. Other Stamps of India used in Aden

Virtually all stamps of British India, including Officials from 1854 to 1937 are found used in Aden. Following is a list of such stamps. Estimated values are minimums for fine strikes of the more common postmarks on fine stamps. Cover values are minimums for fine covers.

1855-1864 Unwatermarked. Blue Glazed Paper.
S-13 4a black (Sc #9) (1) $90.00
S-14 8a rose (Sc #10) $90.00
1855-1864 Unwatermarked. White Paper.
S-15 1/2a blue (Sc #11) $18.00
S-16 1a brown (Sc #12) $21.00
S-17 2a dull rose (Sc #13) $77.50
S-18 2a buff (Sc #15) $77.50
S-19 2a orange (Sc #15a) $90.00
S-20 4a black (Sc #16) $30.00
S-21 4a green (Sc #17) ---
S-22 8a rose (Sc #18) $90.00
1860-1864. Unwatermarked.
S-23 8p lilac, white paper (Sc #19) ---
S-24 8p lilac, bluish paper (Sc #19C) $30.00
1865-1867. Watermark "Elephant".
S-25 1/2a blue (#20) $12.50
S-26 8p lilac (#21) $42.50
S-27 1a brown (#22) $12.50
S-28 2a orange (#23) (3) $15.00
S-29 2a yellow 9#23a) $21.00
S-30 4a green (#24) $90.00
S-31 8a rose (#25) ---
1866-1868. Redrawn, Watermark "Elephant".
S-32 4a green, type I (Sc #26) $18.00
S-33 4a blue green, type II (Sc #26B) $14.50
S-34 6a8p slate (Sc #27) $90.00
S-35 8a rose (1868)(Sc #28) $30.00
1866, June 28. Revenue Stamps Overprinted "POSTAGE" in green.
Watermark "Crown and INDIA".
S-36 6a violet, type I, 3.5mm (Sc #29) ---
S-37 6a violet, type II, 2.5mm (Sc #30) ---
1873-1876 Watermark "Elephant". Perforated 14.
S-38 1/2 anna blue, redrawn (Sc #31) $12.50
S-39 9p lilac (Sc #32) ---
S-40 6a bistre (Sc #33) $15.00
S-41 12a red brown (Sc #34) $62.50
S-42 1r slate (Sc #35) $90.00
1882-1887. Watermark "Star" Upright. Perforated 14.
S-43 1/2a green (Sc #36) $10.00
S-44 9p rose (Sc #37) $15.00
S-45 1a maroon (Sc #38) $8.50
S-46 1a6p bistre brown (Sc #39) $14.50
S-47 2a ultramarine (Sc #40) $8.50
S-48 3a brown orange (Sc #41) $12.50
S-49 4a olive green (Sc #42) $12.50
S-50 4a6p green (Sc #43) $25.00
S-51 8a red violet (Sc #44) $17.00
S-52 12a violet, red (Sc #45) $18.00
S-53 1r grey (Sc #46) $30.00
1891, January 1.
S-54 2 1/2a on 4a6p green (Sc #47) $15.00
1892.
S-55 2a6p green (#Sc 48) $12.50
S-56 1r carmine rose & green $30.00
S-57 1r aniline carmine & green (Sc #49) $18.00
1895, September 1.
S-58 2r brown & rose (Sc #50) ---
S-59 3r green & brown (Sc #51) ---
S-60 5r violet & ultramarine (Sc #52) ---
1898.
S-61 1/4a on 1/2a green (Sc #53) $12.50
1899-1900
S-62 3p carmine rose (Sc #54) $8.50
S-63 3p carmine rose (Sc #54) $12.50
S-64 1/2a light green (Sc #56) $8.50
S-65 1a carmine rose (Sc #57) $8.50
S-66 2a violet (Sc #58) $10.00
S-67 2a6p ultramarine (Sc #59) (2) $12.50

Notes:
(1) Numbers in parenthesis are the basic stamp numbers in the Scott Classics Specialized Catalogue, unless otherwise indicated.
(2) Postal Stationery of India is also found used at Aden. Such items are rare.
(3) In the Murray Graham collection was an outstanding cover franked with a strip of four of 2 annas orange, each stamp cancelled with the blue "125" in square-rhombus frame, alongside the cds Aden Cantonment SE 28 71.


OFFICIAL STAMPS.
1866, August 1. Overprinted "Service". Without watermark.
SO-1 1/2a blue (Sc O1, SG O2) ---
SO-2 1 anna deep brown (Sc O3, SG O4) ---
SO-3 8a rose (Sc O4, SG O5) ---
Watermark "Elephant".
SO-4 1/2a blue (Sc O5, SG O7) $62.50
SO-5 8p lilac (Sc O6, SG O8) ---
SO-6 1a brown (Sc O7, SG O9) $62.50
SO-7 2a yellow (Sc O8, SG O12) ---
SO-8 4a green (Sc O9, SG O13) ---
SO-9 4a green (Type I)(#O10, SG #O14) ---
1866-1873. Overprinted (larger): "Service"
Watermark "Elephant"
SO-10 1/2a blue (Sc O16, SG O20) $12.50
SO-11 1/2a blue, re-engraved (Sc O17, SG O22) ---
SO-12 1a brown (Sc O18, SG O23) $12.50
SO-13 2a orange (Sc O19, SG O27) $21.50
SO-14 4a pale green, Die I (Sc O20, SG O28) $18.00
SO-14a 4a green, Die I (Sc O20, SG O29) (3) $18.00
SO-15 8a rose (Sc O21, SG O30) $18.00
1874-1882. Overprinted:

On

H. S.
M.
SO-16 1/2a blue, re-engraved (Sc O22, SG O31) $12.50
SO-17 1a brown (Sc O23, SG O32) $10.00
SO-18 2a orange (Sc O24, SG O33a) $50.00
SO-19 4a green, Type I. (Sc O25, SG O34) $27.00
SO-20 8a rose (Sc O26, SG O35) $30.00
1883-1887. Watermark "Star" Upright.
SO-21 1/2a green (Sc O27, SG O38) $12.50
SO-22 1a maroon (Sc O28, SG O40) $12.50
SO-23 2a ultramarine (Sc O29, SG O42) $18.00
SO-24 4a olive green (Sc O30, SG O44) $12.50
SO-25 8a red violet (Sc O31, SG O46) $12.50
SO-26 1r carmine rose & green (Sc O32, SG O48) $12.50
SO-27 1r rose & green (SG O47) $30.00
1899-1900.
SO-28 3p carmine rose (Sc O33, SG O37a) $12.50
SO-29 1/2a light green (Sc O34, SG O49a) $15.00
SO-30 1a carmine rose (Sc O35, SG O50) $12.50
SO-31 2a violet (Sc O36, SG O52) $15.00

Notes:
(3) A fragment of an official document bearing a 4 annas green tied by a nice strike of "125" of Aden Cantonment is known.

Covers with Official Stamps of India used in Aden are rare.
_______________

In addition, much mail would have arrived to Aden for transshipment to all locations of the world bearing appropriate postage but uncancelled. This would naturally arise as people would deliver mail directly to the ships in the hope of making a faster connection to the final destination. Captains and pursers would routinely add such letters to the mail bags to be delivered and sorted at Aden. Upon arrival to the Aden Post Offices, such uncancelled mail would receive the ordinary postmarks in use. This explains why a bewildering assortment of postage stamps of several countries are found with the "124" cancellers and other postmarks of Aden. Following is a checklist of the classical stamps more often found with Aden postmarks.

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Extraordinary registered cover dated December 4, 1883, sent from the Civilian Administration of the Eritrea Colony in the Bay of Assab to the Minister of External Affairs in Rome, bearing 3 Rupees and 8 annas postage (S-53 strip of three, S-48 pair and S-45 two singles), posted at Aden Camp, with Barred "B" and Aden Cantonment cancellations. The post office of Assab, Eritrea, at the time had only a "second class" postal facility, not equipped to handle registered mail. The letter was taken to Aden outside of the posts, and entrusted to the British/Indian mail service for its voyage to Italy.

VII. STAMPS OF CEYLON USED IN ADEN

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S-202 S.Arch.
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S-212 S.Arch.
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S-213 S.Arch.
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S-214 S.Arch.
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S-215 S.Arch.
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S-218 S.Arch.
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S-224 S.Arch.
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S-231 S.Arch.
I have been able to purchase the following stamps of Ceylon bearing Aden cancellations. Undoubtedly, other varieties exist.

S-201 Ceylon, 1d blue (Sc 3) ---
S-202 Ceylon, 2d deep green (Sc 4, SG 3) "124" (2) $300.00
S-203 Ceylon, 2d yellow green (Sc 4a) $375.00
S-204 Ceylon, 5d orange brown (Sc 6, SG 5) "124" ---
S-205 Ceylon, 2d clean cut perf. 14 to 15 1/5 (Sc 18) ---
S-206 Ceylon, 1sh mauve, clean cut perf. 14 to 15 ½ (Sc 23) ---
S-207 Ceylon, 6d bistre brown (Sc 28, SG 23) "124" ---
S-208 Ceylon, 9d deep brown (Sc 32) ---
S-209 Ceylon, 10d vermilion (Sc 33) ---
S-210 Ceylon, 1sh violet (Sc 34) ---
S-211 Ceylon, 1d blue (Sc 46, SG 49) "124" ---
S-212 Ceylon, 2d olive-yellow (Sc 49e, SG 64c) "Aden Steamer Point" (3) ---
S-213 Ceylon, 2d olive-yellow (Sc 49e, SG 64c) "Aden" cds (4) ---
S-214 Ceylon, 2d olive-yellow (Sc 49e, SG 64c) "124" triple frame (5) ---
S-215 Ceylon, 4d rose (Sc 50b, SG 65) "Post Office Aden" negative seal (6) ---
S-216 Ceylon, 6d chocolate brown (Sc 53) ---
S-217 Ceylon, 9d brown (Sc 55) ---
S-218 Ceylon, 9d brown, Perf.13. (Sc 55c, SG 47) "124" (1) ---
S-219 Ceylon, 10d vermilion (Sc 56d, SG 70) "124" ---
S-220 Ceylon, 10d red-orange (Sc 56c, SG 70b) "124" ---
S-221 Ceylon, 1sh reddish lilac (Sc 57, SG 71) "Aden Steamer Point" ---
S-222 Ceylon, 1sh reddish lilac (Sc 57, SG 71) "124" ---
S-223 Ceylon, 1d blue DLR (Sc 61, SG 61) "Aden Steamer Point" ---
S-224 Ceylon, 4c grey DLR (Sc 64, SG 122) "124" ---
S-225 Ceylon, 8c orange DLR (Sc 66, SG 124) "124" ---
S-226 Ceylon, 8c orange DLR (Sc 66, SG 124) "124" triple frame ---
S-227 Ceylon, 16c pale violet DLR (Sc 67, SG 127) "124" triple frame ---
S-228 Ceylon, 2c green DLR (Sc 86, SG 147) "Aden" squared circle (7) ---
S-229 Ceylon, 30c on 36c olive-green (Sc 128, SG 191) "Aden" sq. circle ---
S-230 Ceylon, 28c slate (Sc 139, SG 199) "Aden" squared circle ---
S-231 Ceylon, 1R12c dull rose (Sc 142, SG 201) "Aden" squared circle ---
Notes:
(1) S-218, the 9d, perforated 13 stamp pictured above is a verty scarce stamp even used in Ceylon. Used in Aden it must be rare indeed.
(2) "124" refers to one of various devices with the numeral in a rhombus of parallel lines. E.B.P. K2, Sismondo PM9, etc.
(3) "Aden Steamer Point" is postmark E.B.P. D6, Sismondo PM34.
(4) "Aden" CDs is part of the duplex postmark E.B.P. KD6, Sismondo PM35.
(5) "124" triple frame is part of the duplex postmark E.B.P. KD6, Sismondo PM35.
(6) "Post Office Aden" negative seal is postmark E.B.P. K4, Sismondo PM33.
(7) "Aden" squared circle is postmark E.B.P. KD18, Sismondo PM85.

VIII. STAMPS OF GREAT BRITAIN USED IN ADEN

S-300 Great Britain, 1d rose-red. (Sc 20) ---
S-301 Great Britain, 4d rose. (Sc 26) ---
S-302 Great Britain, 6d lilac. (Sc 39) (1) ---
S-303 Great Britain, 1sh green. (Sc 42) (2) ---
Notes:
(1) At least one pair of 6d exists tied to a telegram form sent by post from Aden cancelled by "124". Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.
(2) At least one single of 1sh exists tied to a telegram form sent by post from Aden cancelled by "124". Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.

IX. STAMPS OF MAURITIUS USED IN ADEN.

S-400 Mauritius, 1d orange red (Sc 5b) $750.00
S-401 Mauritius, 9d magenta (Sc 11) ---
S-402 Mauritius, 2d blue (Sc 14c) ---
S-402a Mauritius, 2d blue Lapirot, worn impression. (Sc 14d)(1) ---
S-403 Mauritius, 2d blue Sherwin (Sc 15) ---
S-404 Mauritius, 2d blue (Sc 18) (1) $550.00
S-405 Mauritius, 2d blue (Sc 25) ---
S-406 Mauritius, 4d rose (Sc 26) ---

---
1860-1863
Mauritius, De La Rue, without watermark.
S-410 1d brown lilac ---
on cover (3) ---
S-411 2d blue ---
S-412 4d rose ---
S-413 6d green ---
S-414 6d lilac ---
S-415 9d dull lilac ---
on cover (3) $3,000.00
S-416 1sh buff ---
S-417 1sh green ---
Notes:
(1) An extraordinary cover addressed to Calcutta is known franked with 2d Lapirot worn impression and 6d Perkins Bacon, as well as a fine strike of the circular "ADEN / B.P.P. / Bearing" (S-PM6). Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.
(2) One example was in the J. L. R. Croft collection.
(3) A cover addressed to England via Marseilles is known with 1d brown lilac and 9d dull lilac. Auction price realized, 1999, about $3000.00. Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.
X. STAMPS OF NEW SOUTH WALES USED IN ADEN

S-501 3d green, imperforate, of 1856. (Sc 34). (1) ---
Notes:
(1) Ex J. L. R. Croft collection.

In addition to these classics, other and later stamp issues of British East Africa, Ethiopia, Zanzibar, Egypt, Seychelles, Somaliland, Italy, Italian Colonies, France and Turkey are found with Aden cancellations. Aden PAQUEBOT cancellations are found on stamps of virtually every nation of the world, and including very recent dates.

*****

X. Postmarks of the 1866-1876 period.

Item # Description Type Value
on
Stamp
Value
on
Cover
PM23 ADEN / SHIPLETTER / 18 / Bearing
Boxed, in four lines.
(E.K.D. 11.8.1866; L.K.D. 11.8.1866)
Rectangle.
PM24 ADEN.STEAMER POINT./ 13 MA 68
Circular lettering and rhombus of parallel lines.
(E.K.D. 4.3.1868; L.K.D. 24.3.1868)
Duplex.
PM25 ADEN. STEAMERPOINT./ 13 JA 69
Circular lettering. Black, Blue or Red.
(E.K.D. 28.3.1868; L.K.D. 8.1.1869)
C.D.S.

Postmark PM25 used the same device as PM24 with the removal of the obliterating small rhombus of parallel lines.

PM26 ADEN 13 JA 69 split circle and "124" in
small rhombus of parallel lines
(E.K.D. 4.4.1868; L.K.D. 8.1.1869)
Duplex.
PM27* INSUFFICIENT
Boxed. Black. Used at Steamer Point.
(E.K.D. 5.6.1868; L.K.D. 1.11.1869)
Rectangle.
PM28* TOOLATE
Boxed. Black. Used at Aden Camp.
(E.K.D. 18.9.1868; L.K.D. 18.9.1868)
Rectangle.

{*} The asterisk after the number indicates that this postmark was of standard issue in the Bombay Post Office Administrative Area (Bombay Circle), and may be essentially identical to postmarks applied at other offices. It may be identified as having been applied at Aden Camp or Aden General Post Office by other markings on the covers on which it is found.

PM29 Rhombus of Dots, being Postmark PM9
covered with cloth after much wear.
(E.K.D. 1.11.1869; L.K.D. 1.11.1869)
Rhombus.
PM30 ADEN / JA 13 / 1856
Double split circle, struck in red. (Same as PM10)
(E.K.D. 24.7.1869; L.K.D.18.10.1869)
C.D.S.
PM31 ADEN.STR.POINT * JA 13
Split circle.
(E.K.D. 8.9.1869; L.K.D. 1.4.1870)
C.D.S.

Postmark PM31 was struck with the same device as PM13, with the word "PAID" having been removed.

PM32 ADEN / JA 13 / 1856
Double split circle, struck in blue. (Same as PM10)
(E.K.D. 20.2.1870; L.K.D.19.5.1870)
C.D.S.
PM33 POST ADEN OFFICE
Circular Negative Seal, black or blue.
(E.K.D. 26.2.1870; L.K.D.5.5.1870)
Circle

This negative postmark is known on contemporary stamps of India, 8 pies mauve (Scott #19) or 2 annas orange (Scott #23). It was probably struck using the Post Office's official seal device, thus not meant to be a postmark, but pressed into service as a postmark for some unknown reason.

PM34 ADEN STEAMER POINT / 13 JA. / 71
Serifed capitals in circle.
Struck in Black (one known).
Struck in Blue or Red as backstamps.
(E.K.D. 14.7.1870; L.K.D. 8.8.1872)
C.D.S.
PM35 ADEN 13 JA 71 serifed capitals in circle
and "124" in triple frame: square, rhombus
and circle.
(E.K.D. 19.11.1870; L.K.D.9.8.1872)
Duplex.
PM36 ADEN CANTONMENT / JA 13 / 72
Serifed capitals in circle.
(E.K.D. 3.2.1871; L.K.D.13.8.1872)
C.D.S.

For a brief period of time the two Aden Post Offices were assigned different numbers: "124" remained with the General Post Office at Steamer Point, while the Office at Aden Cantonment was allocated the numeral "125". New devices were made.

PM37 "125" in square frame within rhombus.
Assigned to Aden Cantonment. Blue.
(E.K.D. 3.2.1871; L.K.D.13.8.1872)
Rhombus.
PM38* REGD/No
Rectangular frame with curved ends.
Used at Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 28.9.1871; L.K.D.28.9.1871)
Rectangle.

Less than one year after the allocation of the numeral "125", the situation was modified again, assigning the numeral "124-A" to Aden Cantonment. This arrangement lasted until 1875, when a new numbering system was introduced in the Bombay Circle.

PM39 "124" in rectangular frame with "A" on top,
within a rhombus of parallel lines.
Assigned to Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 23.11.1871; L.K.D.18.8.1872)
Rhombus.
PM40 ADEN.STEAMER.POINT / JA 13 / 73
Non serifed letters in circle.
(E.K.D. 23.7.1872; L.K.D.3.11.1876)
C.D.S.
PM41* INDIA PAID
Rectangular frame, struck in blue. Same as PM4
in a second period of use at Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 29.7.1872; L.K.D.23.10.1872)
Rectangle.
PM42 ADEN.STEAMER.POINT / JA 13 / 73
split circle and small "124" in
rhombus of parallel lines.
(E.K.D. 14.9.1872; L.K.D.27.12.1874)
Duplex.
PM43 ADEN.STEAMER.POINT / JA 13 / 73
smaller non serifed letters in circle.
(E.K.D. 18.9.1872; L.K.D.3.11.1876)
C.D.S.
PM44 ADEN . CANTONMENT / JA.13 split circle
and "124" in rhombus of parallel lines.
(E.K.D. 22.9.1872; L.K.D.1.10.1874)
Duplex.
PM45* REGISTERED / O / N. W. / D.
framed, in four lines, used at Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 17.4.1873; L.K.D.14.10.1875)
Rectangle.
PM46* POSTAGE DUE
Framed, with two sections, the bottom blank.
(E.K.D. 20.4.1874; L.K.D.5.9.1874)
Rectangle.
PM47 ADEN.STEAMER.POINT / JAN: 13
in circle.
(E.K.D. 17.2.1875; L.K.D.2.6.1880)
C.D.S.

The year 1875 saw a global revision of the postal system of the Bombay Circle. Under the new provisions Aden received the office number "B-22" and Aden Cantonment the number "B-22/1".

PM48 ADEN CAMP. / JAN 13 in circle and
B-22 in a barred square with a numeral "1"
dividing the bottom lines. Short hyphen.
(E.K.D. 10.3.1875; L.K.D.2.2.1878)
Duplex.
PM49 ADEN. JA 13. in circle and barred "B-22".
Short hyphen between "B" and "22".
(E.K.D. 22.5.1875; L.K.D.6.8.1877)
Duplex.
PM50 ADEN STEAMER POINT / JAN: 13
non serifed letters in circle.
(E.K.D. 10.11.1875; L.K.D.10.11.1875)
C.D.S.
PM51 ADEN CAMP / JA:13. in circle and barred
"B-22", long hyphen and with numeral "1"
below.
(E.K.D. 14.6.1876; L.K.D.15.12.1882)
Duplex.

XI. Selected Postal Rates for Aden during the 19th Century.

Many rate changes were made during the 19th century as the postal systems of the world evolved and adapted to new geo-political circumstances and transportation technologies. Dates for the most important rate changes affecting the Aden Post Office are listed below as well as some of the most frequently used rates which came into effect with each ordinance.

1837 Act for Ship Postage, schedule "B". Falmouth route.
Basic letter (up to 3 Tolas = 540 grains = 3 ounces) rate outgoing: 2 annas.
Basic letter rate in-coming: 3 annas.
Mail to and from India carried by Indian Navy: 1 anna.
Internal mail rate: 1 anna.
Concessionary Soldiers Rate: free.
1839 Rate reduction.
Basic letter rate outgoing: 1 anna.
Basic letter rate in-coming: 2 annas.
1839 Anglo-French Convention for the Marseilles route.
The British fee was 1sh10p for each 1/2 oz. The French fee was
10p for each 1/4 oz. Combining the two charges, the resulting rates were as follows.
Letters not exceeding 1/4 oz: 2sh8d.
Letters between 1/4 and 1/2 oz: 3sh6d.
Letters between 1/2 and 3/4 oz: 6sh2d.
Letters between 3/4 and 1 oz: 7sh.
1843 Rate reduction for Anglo-French Convention.
The Falmouth route was replaced by the Southampton route.
The reduced British fee was 1sh5p for each 1/2 oz. The reduced
French fee was 5p for each 1/4 oz. Combining the two charges, the resulting
rates were as follows.
Letters not exceeding 1/4 oz: 1sh10p.
Letters between 1/4 and 1/2 oz: 2sh3d.
Letters between 1/2 and 3/4 oz: 4sh1d.
Letters between 3/4 and 1 oz: 4sh6p.
1854 Registration
Registration was 4 Annas, payable in cash, not shown in stamps.
1854 P.& O. Steamer rates to United Kingdom.
Basic letter rate: 8 annas per 1/2 oz.
Concessionary Soldiers Rate: 8 pies.
1856 January 1st. Change of European rates via Southampton.
Basic letter rate: 4 annas per 1/2 oz.
1856 January 1st. Change of European rates via Marseilles.
Letter up to 1/4 oz: 8 annas.
Letter between 1/4 and 1/2 oz: 12 annas.
1857 Reduction of European rates via Marseilles.
Letter up to 1/4 oz: 6 annas.
Letter between 1/4 and 1/2 oz: 8 annas.
1863 July 15. Change of the Marseilles route rates.
Basic letter rate: 6a8p per 1/2 oz.
1868 March. Change of rates to United Kingdom via Southampton.
Basic letter rate: 6 annas per 1/2 oz.

Following, and by way of example only, are some selected postage rates to various destinations in effect during the period 1868-1876, at the time of the admission of India to the Universal Postal Union.

Via
Brindisi
Via
Southampton
To United Kingdom Each 1/2 oz. 6 annas 5 annas
To UK, Officers Concessionary rates Each 1/2 oz. 6a8p 4 annas
To UK, Soldiers and Seamen rates Each 1/2 oz. 2a6p 9 pies
To UK, postcards 2 annas 1 1/2 annas
To United States of America Each 1/2 oz. 6 annas 5 annas
To Continental Europe Each 1/2 oz. 6 annas 5 annas
To Canada Each 1/2 oz. 7 1/2annas 6 1/2 annas
To Egypt Each 1/2 oz. 5 annas
To India Each 1/2 oz. 4 annas
To India, Soldiers and Seamen rates. Each 1/2 oz. 9 pies
To India, postcards 1/4 anna
To Mauritius and Seychelles, Soldiers and Seamen rates Each 1/2 oz. 2 annas
To China Each 1/2 oz. 4 annas
To Australia Each 1/2 oz. 5 annas
To Zanzibar Each 1/2 oz. 1 anna
To Cape of Good Hope Each 1/2 oz. 8 annas
1876 U.P.U. rates.
Basic letter rate to European UPU countries: 5 annas.
1878 New concessionary rates for Soldiers and Seamen.
To United Kingdom via Southampton: 9 pies.
To United Kingdom via Brindisi: 2a6p.
Mail through England: England rates plus foreign postage.
To India or British Empire offices served directly by British or Indian Packet: 9 pies.
To U.P.U. member served directly by British or Indian Packet: 2 annas.
To Mauritius or Seychelles by French Packet: 2 annas
1879 July 1st. Postcard rates.
To United Kingdom via Southampton or other: 1 1/2 annas.
To United Kingdom via Brindisi: 2 annas.
To offices within India: 1/4 anna.
1880 Change of postcard rates.
Basic letter rate: 2 1/2 annas.
Postcard rate: 1 1/2 annas via either Brindisi or Southampton.
Postcard with paid reply: 3 annas.
Printed matter: 1 1/2 annas increments for each 4 oz.
Legal documents: 3 annas under 4 oz, 1 1/2a per 2oz increments.
1881 Further reductions.
Postcard rate: 1 anna.
Postcard with paid reply: 2 annas.
Basic printed matter: 1/2 anna.
1894 New printed matter and commercial samples rates.
Printed matter rate: 1/2 anna for each 2 oz.
Legal documents: 2 1/2 annas under 10 oz, 1/2a per 2oz increments.
Commercial samples: 1 anna under 4 oz, 1/2a per 1/2oz increments.
1898 Imperial Penny Post.
(A) For U.P.U. Countries.
Letter rate: 1 anna.
Postcard rate: 1 anna.
Postcard with reply paid: 2 annas.
Printed matter: 1/2 anna per 2 oz increments.
Business Documents: 2 1/2a under 10oz, 1/2a per 2oz increments.
Commercial samples: 1 anna under 4 oz, 1a per 2oz increments.
(B) Non U.P.U. Countries.
Letter rate: 2 1/2 annas.
Postcard rate: 1 anna.
Postcard with reply paid: 2 annas.
Printed matter: 1/2 anna per 2 oz increments.
Business Documents: 2 1/2a under 10oz, 1/2a per 2oz increments.
Commercial samples: 1 anna under 4 oz, 1a per 2oz increments.
_______________

This checklist and accompanying notes are intended to help the collector identify postmark varieties and rarities which may lay hidden in collections.

If you identify in your collection some of the rare items mentioned in this checklist, we recommend obtaining certificates of authenticity for such items. We will be happy to follow up with further information and advice. You may call Liane Sismondo or Sergio Sismondo at our Syracuse, New York office, telephone 315 422 2331. We will be happy to assist you in any way we can.

_______________

XII. Average Volume of Mail Received and Despatched from Aden, 1871-1876.

An account of the activities of the Aden Post Office was published during 1877, later reproduced in Captain F.M.Hunter's:
An Account of the British Settlement of Aden in Arabia. Frank Cass & Co., Ltd., London, 1968. Some interesting statistics were published by Captain Hunter, including the table which follows. The large volume of incoming and outgoing letters is testimony to the centrality acquired by Aden in the commercial life of the Indian Ocean. Huge numbers of military and commercial vessels stopped at Aden for a wide variety of reasons, not the least of which was refueling. Thus soldiers, seamen, civilian merchants and tourists alike utilized the services offered by the Aden Post Office, giving rise to a volume of mail out of proportion with the requirements of the local population. Note that Aden did not have its own newspaper, thus many more arrived than were despatched. All printed matter could be sent at reduced rates. And yet, what precisely was available in Aden during these years which could be despatched abroad in such large quantities remains unclear. A surprisingly large volume of outgoing books handled by the post office raises similar questions.

Items       Received.
( Yearly Average 1871-6)
     
Despatched.
   
Letters 96506 98651
Papers 51855 21897
Books 5958 2533
Parcels 144 56

To this picture we might add census of population figures reported in R.J.Gavin's monograph:
Aden Under British Rule, 1839-1967. London, 1975.

Year Arabs Somalis Jews Indians Europeans Soldiers
& Others
Total
__________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________
1839 617 63 574 35 n/a n/a 1289
1849 4845 2877 1150 7605 778 1868 19123
1856 4812 2896 1224 8563 791 2452 20738
1867 9350 3387 1275 2308 49 1177 17546
1872 8241 5346 1435 3589 2101 789 21501
1891 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 40926
1901 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 39986
1911 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 42675
1921 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 57571
1931 29820 3935 4120 7387 1145 331 46738
1946 58445 4325 7273 9452 366 645 80516
1955 103879 10611 831 15817 4484 2608 138230

Given low literacy rates which prevailed during the 19th Century, it may be easily seen that the amount of mail sent out before the 1890's was indeed very small.

_______________

XIII. Postmarks of the 1876-1889 period.

India joined the Universal Postal Union effective July 1st of 1876.Dependencies of the Bombay Circle, therefore, were bound by new international agreements and regulations which influenced the markings in use. Particularly affected were instructional and auxiliary postmarks which from this point onwards adhered to the new conventions.

Item # Description Type Value
on
Stamp
Value
on
Cover
PM52 REGISTERED / ADEN / N. W. / D.
Framed in four lines.
(E.K.D. 23.8.1876; L.K.D.11.7.1884)
Rectangle.
PM53* "T" in circle.
Unpaid marking, standard for all UPU countries.
(E.K.D. 26.8.1876; L.K.D.4.3.1899)
Circle.
PM54* REGISTERED / O. / N. W. / D.
Framed in four lines.
(E.K.D. 6.2.1878; L.K.D.8.8.1879)
Rectangle.

{*} The asterisk after the number indicates that this postmark was of standard issue in the Bombay Post Office Administrative Area (Bombay Circle), and may be essentially identical to postmarks applied at other offices. It may be identified as having been applied at Aden Camp or Aden General Post Office by other markings on the covers on which it is found.

PM55 ADEN. JA 13. in circle and barred "B-22"
Dot close to "N" and long hyphen
between "B" and "22".
(E.K.D. 12.4.1878; L.K.D.31.3.1886)
Duplex.
PM56 Barred "B-22"
(E.K.D. 25.2.1879; L.K.D.24.9.1880)
Square.
PM57 ADEN. JAN: 13, two lines in circle.
(E.K.D. 13.3.1879; L.K.D.18.2.1886)
C.D.S.
PM58 ADEN. JAN: 13, two lines in irregular circle.
(E.K.D. 3.4.1879; L.K.D.22.7.1880)
C.D.S.
PM59* UNCLAIMED
Framed.
(E.K.D. 3.4.1879; L.K.D.3.4.1879)
Rectangle.
PM60 ADEN.JAN.13, two lines in circle,
dot after "N" close.
(E.K.D. 11.5.1879; L.K.D.9.12.1883)
C.D.S.
PM61 "B-22" barred, square, with numeral "1" below.
Assigned to Aden camp.
(E.K.D. 8.8.1879; L.K.D.20.7.1880)
Square.
PM62* "B" in barred square.
(E.K.D. 5.9.1879; L.K.D.21.1.1906)
Square.
PM63 ADEN CAMP / JAN:13 in circle.
(E.K.D. 22.10.1879; L.K.D.21.6.1880)
C.D.S.
PM64 ADEN JAN 13. in circle and "B" in barred square.
(E.K.D. 30.11.1879; L.K.D.5.10.1884)
Duplex.
PM65* "B" in barred square.
(E.K.D. 14.8.1880; L.K.D.17.7.1888)
Square.
PM66 REGISTERED / ADEN CAMP / N. W.
Framed in three lines.
(E.K.D. 25.5.1880; L.K.D.23.6.1884)
Rectangle.
PM67 ADEN CAMP / JAN.13
Two lines in circle.
(E.K.D. 14.8.1880; L.K.D.20.2.1883)
C.D.S.
PM68 ADEN. JA 13. in circle and barred "B-22".
"A" uneven, raised dot after "N", long
hyphen between "B" and "22".
(E.K.D. 2.11.1880; L.K.D.15.12.1886)
Duplex.
PM69 ADEN. JAN 13, two lines in circle,
dot after "N" spaced.
(E.K.D. 17.11.1880; L.K.D.20.11.1881)
C.D.S.
PM70* TOO LATE
Framed. Assigned to Aden Camp.
(E.K.D. 21.6.1881; L.K.D.10.3.1887)
Rectangle.
PM71 ADEN CANT / 13 JAN, in circle.
(E.K.D. 18.3.1883; L.K.D.12.5.1887)
C.D.S.
PM72* "R" in circle.
Assigned to Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 18.8.1883; L.K.D.27.6.1891)
Circle.
PM73* TOO LATE
Framed, thick letters.
(E.K.D. 1.11.1883; L.K.D.27.11.1896)
Rectangle.
PM74* "B" in barred circle (large).
(E.K.D. 1.11.1883; L.K.D.21.1.1910)
Circle.
PM75 ADEN / 13 JAN.84, in circle.
(E.K.D. 1.1.1884; L.K.D.9.7.1885)
C.D.S.
PM76* FOREIGN POSTAGE DUE / 2 ANNAS
Framed, in two lines.
(E.K.D. 6.5.1884; L.K.D.2.11.1914)
Rectangle.
PM77 ADEN / JA.13 / 85 in squared circle with
four bars at each corner.
(E.K.D. 15.9.1884; L.K.D.13.9.1886)
Sq. Circle.
PM78 REGISTERED / ADEN / N
Framed in three lines.
(E.K.D. 1884)
Rectangle.
PM79 ADEN - CANTONMENT / 13 JAN / 86
Circle.
(E.K.D. 8.7.1885; L.K.D.25.10.1887)
C.D.S.
PM80* "T" in circle.
Assigned to Aden Cantonment.
(E.K.D. 21.7.1885; L.K.D.21.7.1885)
Circle.
PM81 ADEN.CANTONMENT / JA. 13
Circle.
(E.K.D. 1886)
C.D.S.
PM82 ADEN / JAN 13 / 87, in circle.
(E.K.D. 23.2.1886; L.K.D.3.11.1892)
C.D.S.
PM83 ADEN - CANT / 13 JA / 87
Thimble.
(E.K.D. 11.6.1886; L.K.D.4.11.1892)
C.D.S.
PM84 ADEN / JA.13 / 85 in squared circle with
three bars at each corner, letters "E" and
"N" spaced.
(E.K.D. 6.10.1886; L.K.D.28.9.1891)
Sq. Circle.
PM85 ADEN / JA.13 / 85 in squared circle with
three bars at each corner, letters "E" and
"N" close together.
(E.K.D. 4.11.1886; L.K.D.15.3.1892)
Sq. Circle.
PM86 SHIP LETTER / POSTAGE DUE
Framed in two lines.
(E.K.D. 11.7.1887; L.K.D.11.7.1887)
Rectangle.
PM87 ADEN CANTONMENT
A registration marking framed, but with parts of
frame missing and no other lettering.
(E.K.D. 28.9.1887; L.K.D.22.10.1895)
Rectangle.
PM88 ADEN / JA.13 / 89
Thimble.
(E.K.D. 12.2.1888; L.K.D.7.6.1894)
C.D.S.
PM89 "R" in circle.
(E.K.D. 24.2.1888; L.K.D.24.11.1906)
Circle.
PM90 ADEN / REG / JA.13 / 89
Thimble.
(E.K.D. 24.2.1888; L.K.D.23.1.1895)
C.D.S.
PM91 "B" in barred circle (small).
(E.K.D. 25.10.1888; L.K.D.7.6.1894)
Circle.
PM92 SHIP LETTER / POSTAGE DUE / ONE ANNA
Framed, in three lines.
(E.K.D. 21.11.1888; L.K.D.21.11.1888)
Rectangle.
PM93 ADEN - CANTONMENT / JA.13 /89
Squared Circle with three bars at each corner.
(E.K.D. 28.11.1888; L.K.D.19.4.1893)
Sq. Circle.
PM94* MISSENT IN / INDIAN MAIL.
Framed, in two lines.
(E.K.D. 20.3.1889; L.K.D.20.3.1889)
Rectangle.

This checklist and accompanying notes are intended to help the collector identify postmark varieties and rarities which may lay hidden in collections.

If you identify in your collection some of the rare items mentioned in this checklist, we recommend obtaining certificates of authenticity for such items. We will be happy to follow up with further information and advice. You may call Liane Sismondo or Sergio Sismondo at our Syracuse, New York office, telephone 315 422 2331. We will be happy to assist you in any way we can.

_______________

XIV. Postmarks of the 1890-1900 period.

Item # Description Type Value
on
Stamp
Value
on
Cover
PM95 ADEN / JA 13 / 91
Thimble with large "ADEN".
(E.K.D. 11.6.1890; L.K.D.4.11.1892)
C.D.S.
PM96 ADEN / JA.13 / 91
Thimble, small letters.
(E.K.D. 21.11.1890; L.K.D.11.4.1891)
C.D.S.
PM97 ADEN / JAN 13 / 92 with four leaves
ornament below.
(E.K.D. 19.10.1891; L.K.D.25.1.1896)
C.D.S.
PM98 ADEN / JAN 13 / 93
Circular, without ornaments.
(E.K.D. 1.3.1892; L.K.D.12.7.1895)
C.D.S.
PM99 ADEN / JA.13 / 85 in squared circle with
three bars at each corner, larger letters all spaced.
(E.K.D. 7.4.1892; L.K.D.28.12.1898)
Sq. Circle.
PM100 ADEN - CAMP / JA.13 / 94, squared circle
with three bars at each corner and four
petals ornament below.
(E.K.D. 3.5.1893; L.K.D.31.12.1894)
Sq. Circle.
PM101 ADEN - CAMP / JA.13 / 94, circle with
four petals ornament below.
(E.K.D. 2.7.1893; L.K.D.11.4.1909)
C.D.S.
PM102 R / ADEN - CAMP
Framed in two lines.
(E.K.D. 10.8.1893; L.K.D.7.7.1904)
Rectangle.
PM103 Paquebot.
Unframed, woodcut or carved letters.
(E.K.D. 23.1.1894; L.K.D.22.2.1894)
Straight Line.
PM104 ADEN / JA.13 / 95, circular with four petals
ornament below.
(E.K.D. 9.4.1894; L.K.D.18.11.1905)
C.D.S. 10.00
PM105 ADEN / REG. / JA.13 / 95, partial split
circle, missing at top, with four leaved
ornament below.
(E.K.D. 22.5.1894; L.K.D.20.12.1900)
C.D.S.
PM106* FOREIGN POSTAGE DUE / 1 ANNA
Framed, in two lines.
(E.K.D. 18.6.1894; L.K.D.12.8.1929)
Rectangle.
PM107* REDIRECTED
Framed.
(E.K.D. 13.12.1894; L.K.D.13.12.1894)
Rectangle. 250.00

{*} The asterisk after the number indicates that this postmark was of standard issue in the Bombay Post Office Administrative Area (Bombay Circle), and may be essentially identical to postmarks applied at other offices. It may be identified as having been applied at Aden Camp or Aden General Post Office by other markings on the covers on which it is found.

PM108 PAQUEBOT
Framed.
(E.K.D. 5.2.1895; L.K.D.10.12.1899)
Rectangle.
PM109 ADEN / JA.13 / 96
Circular, without ornaments.
(E.K.D. 21.2.1895; L.K.D.29.9.1899)
C.D.S.
PM110 ADEN - CAMP / 13 JA 96
Double circle, split with dateline and vertical bars.
(E.K.D. 1.6.1895; L.K.D.16.7.1907)
C.D.S.
PM111 SHEIK OTHMAN * ARABIA * B.O./JA.13/ 96
Circular.
(E.K.D. 15.8.1895; L.K.D.21.6.1909)
C.D.S.

Sheik Othman was one of several sub-post-offices opened during the last few years of the 19th Century in the territory of Aden. The others were Khormaksar, opened April 1st of 1892, and Perim, also opened before 1900 -- the exact date is not known. Postmarks from these last two sub-post-offices dating from 19th Century, however, have not been found. Sheik Othman is a village is located in an oasis about 20 kilometers due north of the city of Aden. It was due to the presence of an army contingent on a permanent basis in this oasis that the post office was created. This postal facility remained open from 1891 to 1915, at which time it was replaced by an Indian Field Post Office (F.P.O. No. 324). In 1922 the Sheik Othman civilian post office was reopened and remained in service until it was shut down in 1937. During W.W.II the office was again reinstated for military reasons.

PM112 ADEN / INS. / JAN.13 / 97
Circular postmark for insured mail.
(E.K.D. 8.11.1896; L.K.D.6.11.1904)
C.D.S.
PM113* TOO LATE
Framed but missing lines at both sides.
(E.K.D. 3.6.1897; L.K.D.10.11.1903)
Rectangle.
PM114 POSTAGE DUE
Framed, in two lines, bottom line blank.
(E.K.D. 6.7.1897; L.K.D.4.9.1898)
Rectangle.
PM115 ADEN / PAR / JA13 / 98 with star and two
dashes ornament below.
Circular for parcels.
(E.K.D. 25.8.1897; L.K.D.23.6.1921)
C.D.S.
PM116 ADEN / DEP / JA 13 / 99
Thimble, departure.
(E.K.D. 16.5.1898; L.K.D.10.6.1901)
C.D.S.
PM117 ADEN / 13 JA 99 in double circle, split
with dateline and vertical bars. Spaced letters.
(E.K.D. 20.10.1898; L.K.D.24.3.1907)
C.D.S.
PM118 TOO LATE
Framed, thin letters.
(E.K.D. 10.11.1898; L.K.D.26.6.1905)
Rectangle.
PM119 ADEN / 13 JA 99 in double circle, split
with dateline and vertical bars. Letters
closer together.
(E.K.D. 13.11.1898; L.K.D.2.1.1907)
C.D.S.
PM120 ADEN / JA 13 / 99, circular with four petals
ornament below.
(E.K.D. 2.1.1899; L.K.D.3.5.1907)
C.D.S.
PM121 ADEN / PAR. / 13.JA.99
Circular rubber handstamp for parcels.
(E.K.D. 6.1.1899; L.K.D.13.1.1899)
C.D.S. 150.00
PM122* "reexpedie"
Straight line, lower case.
(E.K.D. 26.2.1899; L.K.D.26.2.1899)
Straight Line.
PM123* "AR" in double circle.
Assigned to Aden Camp.
(E.K.D. 30.6.1899; L.K.D.30.6.1899)
Circle.
PM124* "T" in circle.
Assigned to Aden Camp.
(E.K.D. 18.9.1899; L.K.D.12.2.1959)
Circle.
PM125 PAQUEBOT
Framed but lines missing at both sides. This is
a modification of PM108.
(E.K.D. 21.9.1900; L.K.D.13.2.1908)
Rectangle.
PM126 13 / GEN / 98 in circle, alongside in two
lines POSTE ITALIANE / MASSAUA ADEN.
All framed. Paquebot marking.
(E.K.D. 1897; L.K.D.1899)
Rectangle.

A unique cover is known which, having been returned to sender, readdressed and sent to Massaua for delivery a second time, received two strikes (both on reverse) of this scarce paquebot transit marking (May 21 1897 and June 16 1897).

PM127 As PM126, but "ADEN MASSAUA"
(E.K.D. 1897; L.K.D.1899)
Rectangle.

This listing is intended to help the collector identify postmark varieties and rarities which may lay hidden in collections.

If you identify in your collection some of the rare items mentioned in this checklist, we recommend obtaining certificates of authenticity for such items. We will be happy to follow up with further information and advice. You may call Liane Sismondo or Sergio Sismondo at our Syracuse, New York office, telephone 315 422 2331. We will be happy to assist you in any way we can.

_______________

XV. Other post offices opened between 1891 and 1937.

Dthali. Opened 1903, closed 1907. Used the rare pmk. "EXPERIMENTAL P.O. B-84".
Kamaran. Opened 1915 ( covers not known until 1925).
Khormaksar. Two periods: opened 1892, closed 1915, re-opened 1925.
Maalla. Opened 1923, closed 1931.
Nobat-Dakim. Opened 1904, closed 1905. Used the rare pmk. "EXPERIMENTAL P.O.B-84."
Perim. Opened 1915, closed 1936.
Sheikh Othman. Two periods: opened 1891 to 1915; reopened 1922 to 1937. (See Postmark No. PM111.)

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